AIOU Solved Assignments
Subject English (1423)
Assignment No: 2
Q.1 How would you grant or refuse permission in each of the following cases? Use appropriate and different expressions for each situation. (10)
1. Your colleague has requested to work on your computer in your office.2. Your younger sibling is asking you to lend him/ her some money.3. A passerby wants to make an urgent phone call from your mobile.4. Your class fellow wants to get your study material photocopied.
5. Your cousin wants to use your brand new camera in his/ her birthday party.
1. I am afraid I am very busy now days.
2. Of course dear you can have it.
3. Yeah sure you can do a call but please make it quick I have to go somewhere.
4. By all mean you can do it.
5. Of course you can take this but be careful with it.
Q.2 Select a suitable news editorial form an English newspaper of Pakistan. Read it carefully and then highlight the following. You are required to paste the news editorial on your assignment sheet along with your answers. (10)
i. Topic sentence
ii. Supporting details
iii. Main idea
A report in this paper has shed light on a new initiative which will attempt toBring 35,000 non -practicing women doctors back into the field through theInnovative use of technology.
Launched by the DOW university of Health sciences last year, the e -Doctorprogrammer has so far recruited 700 women medics in its training sessions. Many ofthese women left or were made to leave their careers many years ago, and now haveadult children. The programmer offers them re-training courses that will update their
expertise and knowledge of the medical field and enable them to practice once more.The problem of women doctors not continuing to work after graduation, marriage ormotherhood has been a long standing issue in our society and written aboutcountless times before. But there are also many men who leave thecountry to practice their profession in other lands. Unfortunately, and partly due tothe brain drain and large number of non -practicing doctors, Pakistan has one of theworld’s lowest doctor to patient ratios. It takes many years to create a doctor, andthe amount of time and money that go into producing the nation’s health careProviders are seen as a waste of resources if the medics are not in position to tend tothe sick.
Main idea:The main idea of this editorial is that we should make our best efforts to utilizeOur restricted resources though advance technology.
Q.3 Given below is a job advertisement. Suppose you intend to apply for the said post, how would you write an application? What details you would like to add to attract attention of your potential employer. (20)
[10.01.2020]firstname.lastname@example.org]Dear Sir,I’m contacting you regarding your advertisement for the Human Resources opening listed on your website. My interest in this position stems from my belief that I have the right combination of relevant staffing experience, communication skills, and high levels of organization that make me a superb candidate.To date I feel my strongest abilities are:
- Increasing employee retention by rigorously maintaining a positive work environment
- Developing targeted outreach recruitment programs to recruit the best talent and meet all departmental hiring requirements
- Creating user-friendly application forms and questionnaires to be used by the organization during staff recruitment and interviewing.
- Arbitrating labor disputes in collaboration with the legal department.
I consider myself to be a dedicated and dependable individual who possesses excellent verbal and written communication skills. I feel that a relationship with your company would be mutually beneficial, as my educational background, HR experience, and qualifications would make me a perfect fit for your Human Resources position, and would also allow me to refine my skills in a new working environment.In closing, I would like to thank you for your time and attention, and I hope to have the chance to discuss the opening with you in person.Sincerely,Ahmed
Q.4 Suppose you have to describe different social and cultural aspects of Pakistani society to one of your foreigner social media friends. What details you would add to make your description vivid? Write a brief and concise descriptive paragraph to illustrate answer. (10)
Hello John as you want to know about my beloved country Pakistan .How the culture of Pakistan is different from other countries.Today i am gonna tell you all about it.
Pakistan has a rich and unique culture that has preserved established traditions throughout history. Many cultural practices, foods, monuments, and shrines were inherited from the rule of Muslim Mughal and Afghan emperors. The national dress of shalwar qamiz is originally of Central Asian origin derived from Turko-Iranian nomadic invaders and is today worn in all parts of Pakistan. Women wear brightly coloured shalwar qamiz, while men often wear solid-coloured ones. In cities western dress is also popular among the youth and the business sector.
Pakistani society is largely multilingual and 96% Muslim, with high regard for traditional family values, although urban families have grown into a nuclear family system due to the socio-economic constraints imposed by the traditional joint family system. Recent decades have seen the emergence of a middle class in cities like Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, and Peshawar that wish to move in a more liberal direction,as opposed to the northwestern regions bordering Afghanistan that remain highly conservative and dominated by centuries-old regional tribal customs. Increasing globalization has increased the influence of “Western culture” with Pakistan ranking 46th on the A.T. Kearney/FP Globalization Index. There are an approximated four million people of Pakistani descent living abroad,with close to a half-million expatriates living in the United States,around a million living in Saudi Arabia and nearly one million in the United Kingdom, all providing burgeoning cultural connections.
Thanks to its historical, geographical and ethnic diversity, Pakistan’s culture is a melting pot of Indian, Persian, Afghan, Central Asian, South Asian and Western Asian influences. There are over 15 major ethnic groups in Pakistan, which differ in physical features, historical bloodlines, customs, dress, food and music. Some of these include Punjabis, Sindhis, Baloch, Pashtuns, Kashmiris, Hazaras, Makranis and Baltis, coming from regions as close to home as the Indus Valley or as far as Africa or Tibet. Other than ancient ethnic elements, the religious influence of Islam has also strongly shaped Pakistani culture since it first came to the region in AD 700.
Guests, tourists and visitors, whether domestic or international, are always welcomed with open arms. Even the poorest laborers go out of their way to help new visitors. Cultural and religious beliefs encourage Pakistanis to show love and respect towards guests. In Islam especially, a guest is a blessing from God, and it is taught that they must be given the best treatment possible.
It is common knowledge that the Pakistani nation has suffered from the country’s economic situation with rampant poverty and high illiteracy. Terrorist attacks and misgovernment have also led to terrible consequences. Regardless of these sufferings, Pakistan’s spirit lives on and the nation continues to hope and work for a better future. The people of Pakistan would soar high if they got the sincere political effort and leadership they deserve.
Pakistanis are a passionate, emotional, expressive and colorful people – just like their culture. Whatever they love, they do with plenty of zest and excitement. They love to celebrate, no matter the occasion, and feasting, giving presents, throwing parties and having regular large gatherings with friends and family are all very common.
Q.5 Suppose one of your friends has recently helped you in the hour of need and saved you from a trouble. How would you express your appreciation and gratitude to him/ her? Use at least five different expressions to express your thankfulness?
1. I am grateful for your help in the time.
2. I will never forget your help in this trouble.
3. You are the true friend of mine as you save me.
4. “A friend in need a friend indeed” is true for you.
5. Your remarkable help me saved from trouble my friend.
Q.6 Write a detailed persuasive essay to convince people to use public transport instead of private cars. Add appropriate supporting details and arguments to make your essay compelling, for example, we should use public transport to decrease traffic on the roads as well as for the conservation of fuel.
Public transportation eases congestion, reduces emissions, and gives you plenty of quality time to people watch, as well as get to know your “neighbors.” In addition, public transportation allows you to relax, read or nap during that commute instead of fighting and stressing and feeling the road rage.
So,Public transportation this we mean focusing on buses, trains, planes and ferries/boats, whether used for the daily commute or just to get around. For those of you interested in leaving that car at home, these tips discuss the merits of public transportation as well as offer suggestions for how to expand and improve public transportation in your community.
Some main advantages of using public transport are as following:-
Buses, trains, light rail and ferries generally have dedicated travel paths that are quicker than sitting alone in your car, which can cut down travel times. If you need to use a car, see if you can car-pool. Each of these options is much better than flying. In a car, four people would only be collectively responsible for emitting only 104 kilograms of CO2, whereas in a plane they would generate some 736 kilograms of carbon dioxide. A cross-country train trip would generate about half the greenhouse-gas emissions of driving a car.
You help in reducing the overall environmental greenhouse gas emissions.
Public transportation is used by people from diverse backgrounds with varied cultures, norms and ways of living. If you opt for public transportation, it means you’ll have the chance to people watch and even get to learn the nature of different people.
You’ll save money. Using public transport can save you up to four times the money you use commuting in your private or personal car.
Improve your personal health. The use of public transport will ensure you have to walk more often between the stations and places you’ll be boarding the buses, planes or trains. With such kind of an activity, you are ensured of some extra physical activity in your frequent travel routines.
You’ll reduce the need for fossil fuels and the depletion of natural resources.
Buses and trains are much safer compared to personal vehicles. Personal vehicle accidents are estimated to contribute to higher fatality rates than bus or train related accidents. More than 40, 0000 deaths and many more injuries annually are due to car accidents alone globally. By traveling in public transport, you significantly reduce your threat to road carnages.
the most important advantage of travelling by Areas with public transport have better security.
Q 7: Write a letter of apology for not being able to attend the wedding ceremony of one of your very close friend on account of some emergency at your work place?
How are you i hope you are doing fine. Please know that I am sorry for not having been able to attend your wedding ceremony.
I received your invitation and am so honored to be included among the people you want to celebrate your nuptials. Unfortunately, I will be unable to attending the wedding due to emergency work in my office it is every urgent and i have to finish my task otherwise i lose project which mean alot for my company .
I’m so sorry to miss your joyful day. I know that your wedding will be perfect I am sure that it was an excellent event and I’m so happy for you. Congratulations, and I wish you all the best!